Admission Requirement and Job Opportunities for Computer Engineering in Ghana
Table of contents
What is Computer Engineering
Computer Engineering differs from Software Engineering and Computer Science in that it focuses on the actual hardware that’s responsible for performing the work. Software is the set of instructions used by a computer to get work done. Without Computer Engineers designing the hardware platform it runs on, software would be so many useless bits of data. While they need to know the principles of software operation, Computer Most people own or have ready access to a personal computer. These marvels of modern technology have revolutionized everything from the way we get our news to how we communicate with friends and relatives to how we entertain ourselves. However, the traditional PC or laptop is only one type of computer. Virtually every modern machine and process is computer-controlled. Some computers are tiny, as in the smallest cell phones and MP3 players.
Other computers are actually massive networks of thinking machines, working on terabytes of data and cranking out billions of calculations per second. The common factor making these machines possible is the Computer Engineer. Computer Engineering differs from Software Engineering and Computer Science in that it focuses on the actual hardware that’s responsible for performing the work. Software is the set of instructions used by a computer to get work done.
Without Computer Engineers designing the hardware platform it runs on, software would be so many useless bits of data. While they need to know the principles of software operation, Computer Engineers are responsible for designing the components of a computing system.
Whether that computer is in the Stealth Bomber or under your car’s hood, all computers have similar components and functions, varying mostly in size, shape and application.
Computer Engineers design everything from the Central Processing Unit to primary and secondary memory storage to input and output methods. Even if they are using off-the-shelf components, they’re responsible for making sure the integration works flawlessly.
Computer Engineering Course
Computer Enginering degrees are available at all education levels: undergraduate, master’s and doctorate (PhD). Most undergraduate Computer Engineering programs allow you to specialize along one of several tracks because the entire career field is simply too broad to cover in an undergraduate program.
As you progress in your Computer Engineering career, you’ll be able to study increasingly complex topics in hardware and software systems. Occupying the top tier of Computer Engineering jobs are professionals with vast experience designing the overall system to control things like a passenger airliner, the International Space Station, or a nuclear power plant.
Computer Engineering requires a combination of skills from other engineering disciplines, and most colleges will require the same courses as prerequisites for their degrees. You’ll likely study mathematics up through Calculus, basic software programming, physics and electronic or electrical engineering basics.
Once your prerequisite courses are completed, you start the heart of the curriculum in Computer Engineering. In your upper level courses, you’ll learn how computer-controlled systems are designed from the bottom up. Microprocessor design, firmware creation and circuit boards are just a few of the topics you’ll study. The creation of a single computer is just the beginning. Advanced courses in Computer Engineering teach the techniques for integrating large numbers of computers into complex networks capable of solving massive computational problems.
There are many delivery methods for studying Computer Engineering. There are over 150 universities that offer an undergraduate program, and most top-tier state and private colleges offer Master’s and PhD programs also. You might also pursue a Computer Engineering degree with any of the reputable online colleges.
An undergraduate Computer Engineering degree typically takes four to five years to complete. A Computer Engineering Master’s Degree will normally be completed in two years on a full-time basis, and a doctorate can easily take three years to complete.
Career Advancement in Computer Engineering
Just like their educational background, the job market for Computer Engineers is very broad. Rewarding careers are found in many areas. Robotic manufacturing, security equipment, medical diagnostic devices and personal electronics virtually all have some sort of computer in them.
The breadth of this industry means there are many opportunities to expand your skills as well as move up in responsibility and compensation.
Computer Engineering Salary in Ghana
An early career in Computer Engineering with 1-4 years of experience earns an average total compensation (includes tips, bonus, and overtime pay) of GH₵ 36,000 based on 8 salaries. A mid-career Computer Engineering with 5-9 years of experience earns an average total compensation of GH₵ 36,000 based on 7 salaries.
Studying Computer Engineering can lead to a very rewarding career at the cutting edge of technology. Since virtually every modern device you own has some form of the microprocessor in it, there is a growing need for Computer Engineers to design and integrate them. The job market is expanding, and average salaries in the field are respectable.
If you love math and science and want to be a part of the growing technology world, look into one of the many available Computer Engineering college degrees and get started in a rewarding career.
There are many professional associations that Computer Engineers can join in order to enhance their interaction with fellow professionals. Probably the largest and most prestigious is the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). The ACM claims to have more than 100,000 members as of 2011.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is another professional association that Computer Engineers would find interesting. The IEEE helped spawn many future Computer Engineers because the fields of computers and electronics are so closely related.
Ghana Institution of Engineering, National Society of Black Engineers (Ghana Secretariat).
Engineers are responsible for designing the components of a computing system.
Knust Computer Engineering Requirements
The School of Computer Engineering offers a four-year undergraduate course leading to the BSc. (Honours) Degree in Computer Engineering
Wassce /Sssce Applicants
Credit Passes in THREE (3) Core Subjects: English Language, Mathematics, Integrated Science and Credit passes in THREE (3) of the following Elective Subjects: Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry.
For J, K, L, and M, Programmes, the same requirements as above except that Applied Electricity OR Electronics is acceptable in place of Chemistry. Also in the case of M, Biology is acceptable in place of Chemistry.
Furthermore, for Programmes E, and F any of the following is acceptable in place of Chemistry; Metal Work, Auto Mechanics, Applied Electricity, Technical Drawing and Engineering Science.
Also, for Programmes P, Q and R any of the following is acceptable in place of Chemistry; Metalwork, Auto Mechanics, Applied Electricity, Technical Drawing, Building Construction and Woodwork.
For Programme A, any of the following are acceptable in place of Chemistry; Technical Drawing and Engineering Science, General Agriculture and Biology.
Applicants in this category who do not have Chemistry must obtain Grade B3 in Integrated Science
A / O Level Applicants
FIVE (5) credits at O’ Level including English and Mathematics, plus,
Passes at A’ Level in: Pure Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, and Physics with an ‘O’ Level credit in Chemistry.
Passes at A’ Level in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry
Applicants must be 25 years at the time of submitting the Application.
Five (5) credits at the O’ Level including: English Language, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.
WASSCE/SSSCE credits in THREE (3) Core Subjects (English Language, Mathematics and Integrated Science), plus credits in THREE (3) Elective Subjects (Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry). For Programme e. Applicants must have at least THREE (3) years working experience.
Computer Engineering Jobs in Ghana
This list is not exhaustive but it provides a solid idea of what fellow graduates have gone on to do and what potential careers a Computer Engineering degree can offer. Some options are more directly associated with specific areas of Computer Engineering than others.
- A designer/developer
- Business Systems Analyst
- Client Support Representative
- Computer Engineer
- Computer Security Analyst
- Database Developer
- Hardware Systems Designer
- Industry Consultant
- Information Technologist
- Interface Designer
- Inventory Control Manager
- Laboratory Technician
- Logistics Specialist
- National Security Consultant
- Marketing Coordinator
- Media Correspondent
- Network Security Specialist
- Operations Manager
- Patent/Computer Lawyer
- Product Developer
- Project Manager
- Robotics Specialist
- Satellite Communications Specialist
- Smartphone Designer
- Software Engineer
- Software Security Engineer
- Systems Designer
- Technical Support Representative
- Technical Writer
- Telecommunications Engineer
- Video Game Programmer
- Web Designer
Some of these career choices may require additional education or preparation in the form of graduate studies, experiential education or professional formative courses and exams.
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